SARS-CoV-2 and influenza A comparison

The two respiratory RNA viruses, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and influenza A are at the center of pandemic outbreaks. In fact, SARS-CoV-2 causes covid-19 and influenza A causes flu. Certainly, both viruses have identical hospitalization rates, intensive care admission rates and ventilators requirement. As a result, when both shows similar symptoms, […]



Influenza virus (IV) that causes a respiratory illness for humans is basically of 3 types A, B, and C. In fact, type A (IAV) is the most concerning since it’s responsible for annual epidemics and might pose a global pandemic. Besides, IV has a high mutation and replication rate which allows it to escape medical […]

New HIV-1 variant

New HIV-1 variant

A new HIV-1 variant of subtype-B resides in the Netherlands. In fact, patients with this variant shows more obvious increase in viral load than other subtype-B cases. Also, CD4 cell count decline is twice as fast as in other subtype-B patients. Also, 30 years old patients without treatment reach 350 CD4 cells per cubic millimeter […]



Omicron is a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variant. In fact, it was classified by the WHO on November 26, 2021 as the fifth variant of concern “B.1.529” originating from south Africa. Therefore, Due to its fast spreading (2 days average doubling time), only until January 8, 2022, the virus entered 115 countries […]

Drugs that treat Covid-19 discovered

covid-19 drugs

It is no longer impossible to treat Covid-19 thanks to scientists that work day and night. Treatment of severe Covid-19 infection by 2 drugs is a new discovery. A study of 7 trials done by the World Health Organization (WHO) on cases of non-severe, severe and critical covid-19 gives the world a hope to surviving […]

Covid-19 causes hiccups!

covid-19 hiccups

Covid-19 symptoms can be a box of surprises. Among the many challenging atypical issues covid-19 may cause, who thought it would also lead to hiccups. It was reported in December of 2021 that a 64-year-old man at the international medical center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia encountered relentless hiccups. Not only that, Scientists behind the case study […]

Covid-19 (coronavirus)


The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has reached more than 200 million cases causing the death of more than 4 million. However, it’s safe to say that around 80% of covid-19 patients recover without being hospitalized. On the other hand, 15% needs oxygen and 5% have the obligation for intensive care due […]

HPV and smoking (women and men)

HPV and smoking

WOMEN SMOKERS AND HPV Women cervical cancer results from human papillomavirus (HPV) infection particularly the high-risk strains HPV-16 and HPV-18. However, smoking cigarette makes more possible that women HPV infection is leading to invasive cervical cancer. In fact, this hypothesis has been validated in late 2009 in a study conducted by ALTS on women smokers […]